"Manganese oxide is definitely a promising material," said Huanyu "Larry" Cheng, assistant professor of engineering science and mechanics and faculty member in the Materials Research Institute, Penn State. "By combining with cobalt manganese oxide, it forms a heterostructure in which we are able to tune the interfacial properties."
The group started with simulations to see how manganese oxide's properties change when coupled with other materials. When they coupled it to a semiconductor, they found it made a conductive interface with a low resistance to electron and ion transport. This will be important because otherwise the material would be slow to charge.
"Exploring manganese oxide with cobalt manganese oxide as a positive electrode and a form of graphene oxide as a negative electrode yields an asymmetric supercapacitor with high energy density, remarkable power density and excellent cycling stability," according to Cheng Zhang, who was a visiting scholar in Cheng's group and is the lead author on a paper published recently in Electrochimica Acta.
About 16% of our total energy comes from a renewable source.
The group has compared their supercapacitor to others and theirs has much higher energy density and power. They believe that by scaling up the lateral dimensions and thickness, their material has the potential to be used in electric vehicles. So far, they have not tried to scale it up. Instead, their next step will be to tune the interface where the semiconducting and conducting layers meet for even better performance. They want to add the supercapacitor to already developed flexible, wearable electronics and sensors as an energy supply for those devices or directly as self-powered sensors.
Cheng Zhang is now an assistant professor at Minjiang University, China. The second Chinese university is Guizhou Education University. The paper is "Efficient Coupling of Semiconductors into Metallic [email protected] Heterostructured Electrode with Boosted Charge Transfer for High-performance Supercapacitors."
More information: Cheng Zhang et al. Efficient coupling of semiconductors into metallic [email protected] heterostructured electrode with boosted charge transfer for high-performance supercapacitors, Electrochimica Acta (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2020.136246 Provided by Pennsylvania State University
We currently are not able to use more renewable energy sources because typically renewable energy is more expensive to produce than nonrenewable sources.
Citation: Supercapacitor promises storage, high power and fast charging (2020, May 5) retrieved 18 May 2020 from https://techxplore.com/news/2020-05-supercapacitor-storage-high-power-fast.html
And this fear, suggest Carnegie Mellon University Department of Engineering and Public Policy Assistant Research Professor Parth Vaishnav, and Ahmed Abdulla of the University of California San Diego School of Global Policy and Strategy, may cause people to want less of this zero-carbon energy source in the nation's electricity generation mix than they otherwise would.
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