New Hampshire Enters the Offshore Wind Race

New Hampshire may soon join the handful of New England states actively pursuing offshore wind energy development.

On January 2, Governor Chris Sununu sent a letter to Walter Cruickshank, the acting director of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), requesting that the agency establish an intergovernmental offshore renewable energy task force. The move is the first step in a multiyear process.

“The task force will mirror those in other states,” said Matthew Mailloux, an energy advisor with New Hampshire’s Office of Strategic Initiatives, in an email.

“Its purpose is to facilitate coordination with federal and New Hampshire stakeholders to determine the feasibility of offshore wind in federal waters off New Hampshire’s coast. This is a preliminary step in a lengthy process prior to any decision,” he said.

A group of lawmakers from the New Hampshire State Senate and House of Representatives filed a joint resolution for the 2019 legislative session “supporting efforts to develop wind power off the New Hampshire coast” and urging Gov. Sununu to ask BOEM to create the offshore wind task force.

The resolution noted that New Hampshire has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050 but “has yet to develop a plan to achieve that goal.”

Examples of renewable sources are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, landfill gas, ethanol

BOEM is closed as a result of the partial U.S. federal government shutdown, so New Hampshire officials will have to wait before receiving a response from BOEM. The shutdown has already delayed two public meetings for the Vineyard Wind project planned for offshore Massachusetts, as GTM previously reported.

The opportunity in New Hampshire

Will Gov. Sununu’s letter to BOEM prompt project developers’ interest in New Hampshire?

“This was actually kind of a surprise, to see the governor requesting that this task force be formed,” Francis Pullaro, executive director of the non-profit RENEW Northeast, told Greentech Media in an interview.

“The industry has very much been focused on the southern New England states because there’s the existing leases and recently completed lease action,” he said. “But there’s no reason all the coastal states in New England can’t take advantage of this technology.”

Project developers active in the north Atlantic region have thus far focused their attention on states such as Massachusetts, New York, and New Jersey that have announced ambitious offshore wind deployment targets.

The record-breaking auction conducted by BOEM last month for lease areas offshore Massachusetts, New Hampshire’s neighbor to the south, was no doubt a wake-up call for New Hampshire officials.

More than half of the renewable energy we use comes from biomass.

That’s not to say that state policymakers are unaware of New Hampshire’s offshore wind potential. A 10-year state energy strategy released in September 2014 estimated the offshore wind resource potential in New Hampshire at nearly 3,500 megawatts.

The state lawmakers’ joint resolution cited a 2015 bipartisan New Hampshire legislative study committee report, which concluded that "the wind resource off of New Hampshire’s coast has the potential to generate significant amounts of electricity" and "offshore wind development has the potential to generate significant economic activity within Portsmouth Harbor."

Pullaro observed that Portsmouth is no stranger to wind energy development, as components for onshore wind projects built in Northern New England have been shipped through the deep-water port.

Regional cooperation on offshore wind development

Because New Hampshire does not have a large electric load, there is the potential, said Pullaro, for electricity generated at offshore wind projects to be sold in Massachusetts, Connecticut, or even New York.

“For these projects to really make sense,” he said, “the New England states need to work together – particularly the northern New England states that don’t have a lot of electric demand.”

Offshore wind projects need to be built at scale in order to be cost effective. That's why it's important for New Hampshire to join forces with its neighbors, while recognizing that they’re going to want to pursue their own interests and local economic development, according to Pullaro.

Renewable Energy Is Becoming Popular. Over the course of its recent history, renewable energy has had a fight on its hands. Traditional forms of energy production like coal and oil have made it difficult for renewable energy to become as popular. That, however, is starting to change. By 2018, renewable energy will be around 25% of the world’s gross power generation. In other words, one quarter of the world’s energy output will come from renewable energy sources.

"To get scale for the off-taker agreements,” he said, “they really need to work with the other New England states.”